01月22日, 2020 前沿技术 admin
Technology strategist hails successful projects achieved through
The United States and China have benefited greatly from cooperation
in science, technology and innovation, a senior Chinese science
strategist said, lamenting the recent protectionist turn in the US.
Hu Zhijian, president of the Chinese Academy of Science and
Technology for Development, said an objective appreciation of such
accomplishments would help ease recent technology and trade frictions
and reveal new grounds for win-win cooperation between the countries.
China and the US had been close partners in integrated research and
development for most of the past four decades, Hu said.
From 2012 to 2015, the number of collaborative research projects
involving Chinese and US institutions increased by more than 80 percent,
according to a blue paper on China’s contribution to STI and global
governance published by the academy last year. Chinese and US scientists
had co-authored more than 55,000 papers by 2014.
Moreover, scientists from both countries had cooperated on climate
change, clean energy, environmental protection, health, agriculture and
other fields related to sustainable development and people’s
livelihoods, the blue paper said.
It added that Chinese enterprises had set up research and
development facilities in the US, while US companies had established
more than 800 R&D centers in China covering industries including
electronics, information technology, software, food manufacturing,
cosmetics, home furnishing and finance.
“These interactions have created a flow of talent and know-how to
provide better products and services for the people of both countries
and the world,” Hu said.
Over time, China and US had developed different but crucial
positions in the global industrial system and value chain, Hu said. The
US was at the top, given its leading position in STI and emerging
industries, while China was at the middle and lower end of the
industrial and value chain, but striving to climb up.
Like Japan, Singapore, South Korea and other countries before it,
China was improving its people’s living standards through education,
trade, infrastructure investment and technologies.
“These feats mean China will inevitably close its gap with developed
countries,” Hu said. “But it does not mean China wants to or is capable
of challenging the US’s global dominance.”
Historically, China’s technological rise was not an issue that
troubled the US, he said, because the US maintained its lead role by
attracting the best talent from around the world to fuel its STI efforts
- pushing new frontiers, making new products and climbing up the
industrial value chain.
“However, STI development is an arduous process, and the US has grown
increasingly anxious that its lead is being eroded,” Hu said. “So
instead of staying ahead via continued innovation, it has turned
protectionist toward China and other developing countries and used
unconventional means, from tariffs to travel restrictions, in the hope
of keeping them behind.”
At the same time, the US was plagued by many domestic issues,
ranging from growing social inequality to rising corporate influence,
and ordinary US people, notably those from Midwestern states, felt
disenfranchised by globalization and technological progress because “the
fruits of these trends have been mostly reaped by the elites from
“When internal issues become too difficult to handle, politicians
often rely on scapegoating to divert public frustration and attract
support, especially during election years,” Hu said.
“But the US public must realize that blaming China and other
countries for its economic, social and existential woes will not solve
its issues, it will only exacerbate them to disastrous levels for all.”
Despite the US’s effort to disconnect with China, Hu said full
detachment was unlikely in the long run because it would not be in the
interests of either country.
“China’s market and its pivotal role in the global industrial chain
are too important for US companies to give up,” he said.
In addition, science requires the exchange of ideas and
collaboration to progress. When faced with common challenges, from
climate change to changing ethical landscapes in artificial intelligence
and biosciences, “it will require a global joint effort to find the best
solution to tackle these emerging issues,” Hu said.
“Dividing the scientific community and the world, as some
politicians are implying, is dangerous and counterintuitive to
maximizing the potential of science and its benefit for the people,” he
Given the unpredictability of the current US administration, China
needs to “keep a rational, objective outlook and focus on improving its
own capability at its own pace”, he said. “We must have the confidence
and patience to get through turbulent times.”
【三笔配套练习 第九单元 外交 ：P158】
Xi reiterated the importance of keeping promises, noting that China and
Japan should “act on the basis of their four political documents and
consensus, deal with problems and differences constructively, so as to
maintain the political foundation guiding healthy development of
The good （friendly）cooperation between China and America has a
insignificant （important）infflunce around the world because America is
the most advance developed country and China is the largest developing
Xi welcomed Abe’s official visit to China and spoke highly of his
positive efforts in improving and developing China-Japan relations in
【中美两国人民的友好合作对世界具有重大影响。Friendship and cooperation
between the people of China and US are of great importance to the
States is the most developed country and China the largest developing
Calling the Belt and Road Initiative “promising”, Abe said Japan was
willing to beef up cooperation with China in wide areas, including the
exploration of third-party markets.
Speed the development while maintaining its stability in China which has
a 1300 million population has a extremely important sinificance for
promoting the stability and development in Asia-Persific area and the
Saying Japan welcomes and supports China’s efforts in furthering
opening-up, Abe expressed Japan’s willingness to intensify exchanges
with China to lay the social foundation to improve bilateral ties.
is a country with 1.3 billion people.Its stability and rapid development
is of vital significance/consequence to the stability and development in
the Asia-Pacific region and the world at large.】
“Thorough strategic communication should be carried out, and the two
countries’ dialogue mechanisms should play a better role via diverse
channels at multiple-levels, so that each side can precisely grasp the
other’s development and strategic intentions.”
China and America are complementary strongly in economy ，in which
China’s market is wide and need more development，but America has
advance scientific technology and large material strength.
As close neighbors, Japan and China should push forward bilateral ties
on the basis of the principles set in their four political documents and
in the spirit of “cooperating in a mutual-beneficial way and never
posing a threat to each other,” he said.
has/holds/boasts a huge market and great demand for development while
the United States holds advenced science and technology as well as
enormous material force.Therefore the economies of the two countries are
highly complemrntary with each other.】
He expressed his hope of facilitating people-to-people exchanges between
China and Japan, boosting mutual understanding, and encouraging the
young to strive for friendship between both countries.
Combining China’s potential market with advance technology and capital
advantage can create more development opportunity and strong developing
Chinese President Xi Jinping (R) meets with Japanese Prime Minister
Shinzo Abe in Beijing, capital of China, Oct. 26, 2018. (Xinhua/Li Tao)
potential market，once combined with foreign advanced technology and
capital，will produce many opportunities and great vigor for
“China and Japan, as close neighbors with great converging interests,
are major world economies and influential countries,” Xi said. “The
healthy, steady and long-term development of China-Japan ties is in the
fundamental interests of the two countries’ people, and represents
common expectations of the international community.”
China and America has wide common interests and burden the same
accountability in many issues which are vital to the existence and
development of China，such as maitaining the peace and safety of the
world，preventing the spread of the weapons of mass
destruction，protecting our existence environment and combating the
and the United States share broad common interests and shoulder common
responsibility on many important issues which are crucial to human
survival and development such as maintaining world peace and
security，preventing the spread of weapons of mass
destruction，protecting environment for humen survival and combating
“Under the new situations, China and Japan, increasingly interdependent
in bilateral areas, also share more common interests and concerns on
multilateral occasions,” Xi said.
All of these are the basic for the developing friendship and cooperation
between the two countries.【这些都是中美两国发展友好合作的基础。All
these provide an important basis for the further developng China—US
friendly relations and cooperation.】
He called on the two sides to cooperate closely in the international
arena, expand common interests, promote regional economic integration,
jointly combat global challenges, safeguard multilateralism and uphold
free trade and construct an open world economy.
We should contral well the connection between China and America and
solve the difference in a good manner to learn more from each
other，expand consensus，develop cooperation and innovate the
should take a firm hold of the overall situation/interests of China—US
relations and settle our differences properly so as to reach the goal of
promoting mutual understanding，broadening common ground，developing
cooperation and building a future together.】
This year marks the 40th anniversary of the signing of the China-Japan
Treaty of Peace and Friendship.
He called on both countries to “adhere to the various principles
affirmed in the four political documents, stick to the general direction
of peace and friendship, continue their joint efforts in mutual
beneficial cooperation and further develop bilateral ties.”
BEIJING, Oct. 26 (Xinhua) — President Xi Jinping met with Japanese
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in Beijing Friday, calling on both sides to
cherish the good momentum in bilateral ties.
“As China continues its reform and opens its door even wider to the
world, more opportunities have emerged in China’s cooperation with
countries including Japan,” Xi told Abe. “Japan is welcome to
participate in China’s progress in the new era.”
The Japanese prime minister called on both sides to manage differences
properly and make joint efforts to maintain regional stability and
The two countries should contribute to regional and international peace,
as well as free trade, he suggested.
“It is hoped that through this visit, the two sides will usher in a new
era when ‘competition is transformed into coordination,'” Abe said.
“China and Japan should interact more actively in the security area,
foster constructive security relations, and pursue the path of peace and
development for regional peace and stability,” Xi said.
The Chinese president also called for tapping the potential of
The two sides should effectively implement the consensus that they are
partners rather than mutual threats, facilitate positive interactions,
and deepen mutual political trust, Xi said.
Abe voiced his pleasure at paying an official visit to China at the
“important moment” of the 40th anniversary of the signing of the treaty.
“The treaty, signed by the elder generation of leaders of both
countries, established a general direction of lasting peace, friendship
between the two countries in the form of law, and provided solid support
for both sides to conduct mutual beneficial cooperation, achieve common
development, and properly deal with sensitive historical issues and the
Taiwan issue,” Xi said. “With concerted efforts by both sides,
China-Japan ties are back on track and gaining positive momentum. This
is worth cherishing.”