Technology strategist hails successful projects achieved through
The United States and China have benefited greatly from cooperation
in science, technology and innovation, a senior Chinese science
strategist said, lamenting the recent protectionist turn in the US.
Hu Zhijian, president of the Chinese Academy of Science and
Technology for Development, said an objective appreciation of such
accomplishments would help ease recent technology and trade frictions
and reveal new grounds for win-win cooperation between the countries.
China and the US had been close partners in integrated research and
development for most of the past four decades, Hu said.
From 2012 to 2015, the number of collaborative research projects
involving Chinese and US institutions increased by more than 80 percent,
according to a blue paper on China’s contribution to STI and global
governance published by the academy last year. Chinese and US scientists
had co-authored more than 55,000 papers by 2014.
Moreover, scientists from both countries had cooperated on climate
change, clean energy, environmental protection, health, agriculture and
other fields related to sustainable development and people’s
livelihoods, the blue paper said.
It added that Chinese enterprises had set up research and
development facilities in the US, while US companies had established
more than 800 R&D centers in China covering industries including
electronics, information technology, software, food manufacturing,
cosmetics, home furnishing and finance.
“These interactions have created a flow of talent and know-how to
provide better products and services for the people of both countries
and the world,” Hu said.
Over time, China and US had developed different but crucial
positions in the global industrial system and value chain, Hu said. The
US was at the top, given its leading position in STI and emerging
industries, while China was at the middle and lower end of the
industrial and value chain, but striving to climb up.
Like Japan, Singapore, South Korea and other countries before it,
China was improving its people’s living standards through education,
trade, infrastructure investment and technologies.
“These feats mean China will inevitably close its gap with developed
countries,” Hu said. “But it does not mean China wants to or is capable
of challenging the US’s global dominance.”
Historically, China’s technological rise was not an issue that
troubled the US, he said, because the US maintained its lead role by
attracting the best talent from around the world to fuel its STI efforts
- pushing new frontiers, making new products and climbing up the
industrial value chain.
“However, STI development is an arduous process, and the US has grown
increasingly anxious that its lead is being eroded,” Hu said. “So
instead of staying ahead via continued innovation, it has turned
protectionist toward China and other developing countries and used
unconventional means, from tariffs to travel restrictions, in the hope
of keeping them behind.”
At the same time, the US was plagued by many domestic issues,
ranging from growing social inequality to rising corporate influence,
and ordinary US people, notably those from Midwestern states, felt
disenfranchised by globalization and technological progress because “the
fruits of these trends have been mostly reaped by the elites from
“When internal issues become too difficult to handle, politicians
often rely on scapegoating to divert public frustration and attract
support, especially during election years,” Hu said.
“But the US public must realize that blaming China and other
countries for its economic, social and existential woes will not solve
its issues, it will only exacerbate them to disastrous levels for all.”
Despite the US’s effort to disconnect with China, Hu said full
detachment was unlikely in the long run because it would not be in the
interests of either country.
“China’s market and its pivotal role in the global industrial chain
are too important for US companies to give up,” he said.
In addition, science requires the exchange of ideas and
collaboration to progress. When faced with common challenges, from
climate change to changing ethical landscapes in artificial intelligence
and biosciences, “it will require a global joint effort to find the best
solution to tackle these emerging issues,” Hu said.
“Dividing the scientific community and the world, as some
politicians are implying, is dangerous and counterintuitive to
maximizing the potential of science and its benefit for the people,” he
Given the unpredictability of the current US administration, China
needs to “keep a rational, objective outlook and focus on improving its
own capability at its own pace”, he said. “We must have the confidence
and patience to get through turbulent times.”
“We have everything that is required for a state visit, but we
want more than that,” Chinese ambassador to the United States Cui
Vice-premier, business leaders at Beijing forum see trouble brewing
is required for），还会有一些特殊安排（want more than
Apart from the red-carpet ceremony, formal talks and banquet,
Chinese President Xi Jinping and his US counterpart will have some
informal get-togethers, Chinese Vice-Foreign Minister Zheng
Vice-Premier Han Zheng called for trade liberalization and investment
assistance to ensure sound growth of economic globalization and to make
it open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all countries.
Though the details of these informal arrangements have not been
made public, Cui said that there will be “some special arrangements”
for Trump and the first family to learn more about Chinese history,
culture and people.
目前，这次非正式会晤的具体行程（the details of
Han and Vice-Premier Liu He both voiced concerns about trade
protectionism over the weekend, after US President Donald Trump signed a
memorandum on Thursday for a plan that could impose tariffs on up to $60
billion of imports from China. Chinese investment in the US also was
During Trump’s stay, the two presidents will have sufficient
time for the “top-level, strategic conversation,” which is “extremely
important for the development of bilateral relations”, Cui said.
The two presidents spent over seven hours in talks in April in
Trump’s Mar-a-Lago estate in the US state of Florida.
Han, also a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of
the Communist Party of China Central Committee, said it’s a dead end for
those who resort to trade protectionism to solve problems arising from
economic globalization. Unilateralism and trade wars benefit no one, but
lead to a larger-scale conflict and negative impact, he said.
The informal arrangements will create a good atmosphere for a
sound working relationship and personal friendship between the two
leaders, said Da Wei, director of the Department of American
Studies at the China Institute of Contemporary International
中国现代国际关系研究院美国所（Department of American
The vice-premier said history has demonstrated that openness will lead
to prosperity. China will further open-up to achieve high-quality
development, focusing on the Belt and Road Initiative and equally
treating domestic and foreign enterprises, he said.
Trade cooperation and the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula
are among the key topics for Trump’s discussions in Beijing.
All market entities can take the opportunity to grow quickly and
countries around the world can work with China to realize mutual benefit
and win-win cooperation, Han said.
特朗普访华的核心议题包括贸易合作和朝核问题（nuclear issue on the
Korean Peninsula ）算是专有名词等。
Economic relations between China and the United States, the two
largest economies in the world, have been and should continue to be
mutually beneficial, said Cui.
Trump’s memorandum is based on an investigation under Section 301 of the
Trade Act of 1974 into alleged Chinese intellectual property protection
and technology transfer practices.
As there is increasing economic interdependence between the two
countries, “I think it is appropriate to say that there can only be
win-win or lose-lose outcomes,” Cui said.
Liu, who heads the Chinese side in the China-US Comprehensive Economic
Dialogue, said in a phone call on Saturday with US Treasury Secretary
Steven Mnuchin that the US move violates international trade rules and
hurts the interests of China, the United States and the international
or lose-lose outcomes,” ）”。
The Chinese ambassador also expressed his confidence that there
will be “significant outcomes” on the economic and trade front at
the conclusion of Trump’s China visit.
on the economic and trade ）表现出信心。
Liu said China is prepared to safeguard its national interests. Both
countries should remain rational and make efforts to stabilize bilateral
economic and trading ties, he said. Both sides agreed to maintain
Speaking of nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, Cui said China has
been doing everything it can on the issue, including enforcing all the
sanctions on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) by the
UN Security Council through a string of resolutions.
China’s economy contributes more than 30 percent to global economic
growth. Its economic development in the past four decades has been
established with the spirit, ingenuity and hard work of the Chinese
people, combined with the reform of the economy and opening to foreign
ideas and investment, Tim Cook, chief executive of Apple Inc, said at
the opening ceremony.
a string of resolutions.）。
Meanwhile, Cui pointed out that the nuclear issue cannot be solved by
China itself. “It requires joint efforts of all the parties
concerned, including the United States and the DPRK,” he said.
Noticing that the situation of the Korean Peninsula will be one of the
priorities of dialogue between Xi and Trump, Cui hoped the two sides
could reach more agreements on it.
Trade protection measures adopted by some countries in the past three
months go against the principles of the rule-based global trading
system, said Li Wei, head of the Development Research Center of the
State Council, which sponsored the forum.
It is not in anybody’s interest to have an escalating trade war, said
Robert Moritz, global chairman of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP.
Trump’s visit comes shortly after the 19th National Congress of
the CPC, which reaffirmed a mutually beneficial, win-win opening
Moritz said the global economy would be fragile if trade tensions come
together with other risks.
“While it (protectionism) is in discussions between the US and China
right now, it clearly has the risk of being more inclusive in terms of
other countries being involved,” he said.
The 19th CPC National Congress has outlined the future of China’s
diplomacy, said Jia Xiudong with the China Institute of International
Studies, noting that China-US ties are crucial to the new type of
international relations and the community of shared future for
The US needs China and China needs the US, and the world needs both, he
said. There is opportunity for both countries to share the stage of the
world because neither one of them can do as much as they collectively
can do, he said.
Li Xiang contributed to this story.
Since Trump took office, the two leaders have maintained close
contact, including face-to-face meetings, phone conversations and
sending messages on issues of common concern.
issues 就…问题）共同关心的问题及时交换意见（sending messages）。
Frequent communication between the two presidents helps avoid
misunderstandings, manage differences and strengthen
The two presidents will discuss major issues of common concern in
Beijing, Zheng said, noting that the meeting is of great significance
to Sino-US relations and to peace, stability and prosperity in the
Asia-Pacific region and the world.
After a deal to reopen Chinese markets to US beef in July, part of the
100-day action plan to boost economic cooperation, American beef
is back on China’s menu.
作为中美经济合作“百日计划”（100-day action plan to boost economic
Since the Mar-a-Lago meeting in April, the 100-day action plan has
produced some tangible results.
Progress in bilateral cooperation has also come via four
high-level dialogue mechanisms focusing on diplomacy and security; the
economy; law enforcement and cyber security; and social and
China is transitioning its economy from a phase of rapid growth to
a stage of high-quality development, setting a higher standard for the
In the United States, the Trump administration has to tackle major
challenges facing its economy, like restoring its manufacturing
industries and spurring job creation. Trump has set specific
goals, including a 3-percent growth, improving America’s
collapsing infrastructure, and shrinking trade deficits.
To achieve their targets, China and the United States, the world’s two
largest economies and each other’s top trade partners, have no
better choice but to work more closely because of their highly
intertwined economic and trade interests.
intertwined economic and trade interests），唯有更加紧密地合作。
In 2016, their two-way goods trade was worth 578.6 billion U.S.
dollars while two-way foreign direct investment passed 60 billion
However, both countries need a stable and peaceful environment at the
national, regional as well as international levels for their
continuous economic development. Beijing and Washington therefore
require to deepen their trust and enhance cooperation on major
regional and international issues.